Constraining the diffuse supernova axion-like-particle background with high-latitude Fermi-LAT data

31 Aug 2021, 17:10
Talk in parallel session Dark Matter and its detection Discussion Panel Dark Matter 4


Christopher Eckner (CNRS/LAPTh)


Core-collapse supernovae (SNe) have been identified as a promising target to probe the existence of axion-like-particles (ALPs). The cumulative signal from all past SNe events would contain an ALP component and create a diffuse flux with energies $\mathcal{O}(50)$ MeV. We update the calculation of this flux by including SNe with different masses following the expected mass distribution, instead of using the spectrum obtained by using a single reference mass. Due to their coupling to photons and the related Primakoff process, the diffuse SNe ALP flux is converted into a diffuse gamma-ray flux while traversing the magnetic field of the Milky Way. The spatial morphology of this signal is expected to follow the shape of the Galactic magnetic field lines.
We perform a template-based analysis to constrain the ALP parameter space via the spatial structure of this ALP-induced diffuse gamma-ray flux using Fermi-LAT data from 12 years and an energy range from 50 MeV to 500 GeV. We find an improvement of the upper limit on the ALP-photon coupling constant $g_{a\gamma}$ about an order of magnitude compared to a previous analysis solely based on the spectral shape of the signal. Our results are robust against variations in the modelling of high-latitude Galactic diffuse emission and systematic uncertainties of the LAT.

Primary authors

Dr. Francesca Calore (LAPTh, Annecy) Pierluca Carenza (Bari University & INFN Bari) Christopher Eckner (CNRS/LAPTh) Prof. Maurizio Giannotti (Barry University) Joerg Jaeckel Alessandro MIRIZZI (Bari University) Francesco Sivo (University of Bari)

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