Search for dark matter signals toward the irregular dwarf galaxy WLM with H.E.S.S.

2 Sep 2021, 17:10
Talk in parallel session Dark Matter and its detection Discussion Panel Dark Matter 9


Celine Armand (Astronomy department, University of Geneva)


Cosmological and astrophysical probes suggest that dark matter (DM) makes up for 85% of the total matter of the Universe. The determination of its nature, however, remains one of the greatest challenges of fundamental Physics. In the DM indirect detection framework, Weakly Interacting Massive Particles (WIMPs) particles would produce signals by self-annihilating and creating SM products such as γ rays, which might be detected by ground-based telescopes. Dwarf irregular galaxies represent promising targets for the search for DM as they are assumed to be dark matter dominated. These dwarf irregular galaxies are rotationally supported with relatively simple and well measured kinematics which lead to small uncertainties on their dark matter distribution profiles. In 2018, the H.E.S.S. telescopes observed the irregular dwarf galaxy Wolf-Lundmark-Melotte (WLM) for 18 hours. These observations are the very first ones made by an imaging air Cherenkov telescope toward this kind of objects. We search for a DM signal looking for excess of γ rays towards WLM dwarf galaxy. We perform the first analysis of this source in stereoscopy using the data taken by the five H.E.S.S. telescopes. We present the new results on the observations of WLM interpreted in terms of velocity-weighted cross section for DM self-annihilation ⟨σv⟩ as a function of DM particle mχ mass for eight annihilation channels: b ̄b, W+W−, τ+τ−, Z+Z−, e+e−, μ+μ−, tt ̄as continuum spectra and the prompt emission γγ .

Reference to paper (DOI or arXiv) 10.1103/PhysRevD.103.102002

Primary authors

Celine Armand (Astronomy department, University of Geneva) Dr. Vincent Poireau (Laboratoire d’Annecy de Physique des Particules, Univ. Grenoble Alpes,41Univ. Savoie Mont Blanc, CNRS, LAPP, 74000 Annecy, France) Dr. Emmanuel Moulin (CEA Saclay / Irfu-DPhP - Université Paris Saclay) Dr. Lucia Rinchiuso

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