Searching for non-unitary neutrino oscillations in the present T2K and NO$\nu$A data

31 Aug 2021, 17:10
Talk in parallel session Neutrino physics and astrophysics Discussion Panel Neutrinos 4


Ushak Rahaman (University of Johannesburg)


The mixing of three active neutrino flavors is parameterized by the unitary PMNS matrix. If there are more than three neutrino flavors and if the extra generations are heavy iso-singlets, the effective $3\times 3$ mixing matrix for the three active neutrinos will be non-unitary. We have analyzed the latest T2K and NO$\nu$A data with the hypothesis of non-unitary mixing of the active neutrinos. We found that the 2019 NO$\nu$A data slightly (at $\sim 1\, \sigma$ C.L.) prefer the non-unitary mixing over unitary mixing. In fact, allowing the non-unitary mixing brings the NO$\nu$A best-fit point in the $\sin^2\theta_{23}-\delta_{\rm CP}$ plane closer to the T2K best-fit point. The 2019 T2K data, on the other hand, cannot rule out any of the two mixing schemes. A combined analysis of the NO$\nu$A and T2K 2019 data prefers the non-unitary mixing at $1\, \sigma$ C.L.. We derive constraints on the non-unitary mixing parameters using the best-fit to the combined NO$\nu$A and T2K data. These constraints are weaker than previously found. The latest 2020 data from both the experiments prefer non-unitarity over unitary mixing at $1\, \sigma$ C.L. The combined analysis prefers non-unitarity at $2\, \sigma$ C.L. The stronger tension, which exists between the latest 2020 data of the two experiments, also gets reduced with non-unitary analysis.

Reference to paper (DOI or arXiv) 1911.09398

Primary authors

Dr. Luis Salvador Miranda Pedro Pasquini (IFIC) Ushak Rahaman (University of Johannesburg) Soebur Razzaque (University of Johannesburg Centre for Astro-Particle Physics)

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