Thermal axions with multi-eV masses are possible in low-reheating scenarios

30 Aug 2021, 17:10
Talk in parallel session Cosmology and particle physics Discussion Panel Cosmology 1


Pierluca Carenza (Bari University & INFN Bari)


We revise cosmological mass bounds on hadronic axions in low-reheating cosmological scenarios, with a reheating temperature $T_{\rm RH}\le 100$ MeV, in light of the latest cosmological observations. In this situation, the neutrino decoupling would be unaffected, while the thermal axion relic abundance is suppressed. Moreover, axions are colder in low-reheating temperature scenarios, so that bounds on their abundance are possibly loosened. As a consequence of these two facts, cosmological mass limits on axions are relaxed. Using state-of-the-art cosmological data and characterizing axion-pion interactions at the leading order in chiral perturbation theory, we find in the standard case an axion mass bound $m_a < 0.26$ eV. However, axions with masses $m_a \simeq 1$ eV, or heavier, would be allowed for reheating temperatures $T_{\rm RH}<80$ MeV. Multi-eV axions would be outside the mass sensitivity of current and planned solar axion helioscopes and would demand new experimental approaches to be detected.

Reference to paper (DOI or arXiv) 2104.03982

Primary authors

Pierluca Carenza (Bari University & INFN Bari) Massimiliano Lattanzi (Universita' di Ferrara) Alessandro MIRIZZI (Bari University) Francesco Forastieri (IFN Ferrara)

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