21-23 February 2011
Colegio Rector Peset
Europe/Madrid timezone

Gamow-Teller Resonances in the beta decay and Charge-Exchange Reactions

21 Feb 2011, 15:40
Colegio Rector Peset

Colegio Rector Peset


Yoshitaka Fujita (Department of Physics, Osaka University)


Gamow-Teller (GT) transitions are caused by the most common weak interaction of spin-isospin (στ) type with ΔL = 0. Since spin and isospin are unique quantum numbers in nuclei, GT transitions represent very important nuclear response. GT transitions are studied by the β decay and charge-exchange (CE) reactions. The β decay has a direct access to the absolute GT transition strengths B(GT) from a study of half-lives, Q-values and branching ratios, but it can only access states at excitation energies lower than the decay Q-value. In contrast, the CE reactions, e.g. (3He,t) reaction, at intermediate beam energies and 0º, can selectively excite GT states up to high excitation energies in the final nucleus. Although the study of GT strength in the β decay is restricted by the decay Q-value, unstable nuclei can have the Q-value of 12 MeV or larger, which, in principle allows the study of the central part of the GTR where the GT strength is concentrated. Possibility of observing GTR structures in β-decay studies will be discussed on the basis of the GTR studies by (3He,t) reactions assuming a good isospin symmetry of nuclear structure and transitions.

Primary author

Yoshitaka Fujita (Department of Physics, Osaka University)

Presentation Materials

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